It has 2 electrical ports for the bias and rf driving and 2 optical ports as an input and output. The main elements of an optical transmitter are the devices used for the electrical to optical conversion laser, vcsel, modulator. Low driving voltage operation of mzitype ea modulator. The driver has been used to demonstrate a 400 gbps link over 2km of singlemode fiber smf using 4 wavelengths running at 100 gbps. Dynamic extinction ratio as a function of driving voltage for 25gbits operation. In this chapter the different types of the light sources used for optical communication and their characteristics will be discussed. Microsemi is developing a new generation of surface mount drivers that provide. Highspeed optoelectronic components for digital and.
Sep 02, 2009 drivers and modulators photograph courtesy of daynoir ive been involved in a few interesting email exchanges of late with people using the cynefin model in both academic and practitioner contexts i always find these exchanges useful, especially where people have taken on and developed the original ideas. The 16 bit mcu features internal flash, ram and a multichannel adc, plus usb, spi and i2c interfaces. This surface mount device offers variable gain control and excellent linearity over the operating range. The hxt8201 vcsel driver is a key component for compact, robust, lowpower optical transmitter modules.
Data sheet june 2008 163536 series 10 gbs cooled eml tosa with integral driver ic description the 1635 40km and 1636 80km series 10 gbs transmitter optical subassembly tosa with driver integrates a highspeed electroabsorptive eml laser, a monitor photodiode, microtec and ea, including wdm sonet oc192, sdh stm64 and. Pam4 acceptable for long links, but nrz modulation preferred for short, latency sensitive links. Pdf 40gbs low chirp electroabsorption modulator integrated. These ics achieve low power dissipation and high bitrate operation characteristics by adopting the inp. The model h401d acoustooptic rf driver is designed to complement the h400 series rf phase modulation capable ao device family. This optical modulator integrates a monitor pd chip and coupler function. The 28 gbd eml under nrz modulation supports 26 gbps data rate over the lan and extended lan wdm wavelengths, and operates most efficiently at. The maom003115 is a very compact and high bandwidth linear eml driver which can deliver up to 2vpp singleended output. Drivers and modulators photograph courtesy of daynoir ive been involved in a few interesting email exchanges of late with people using the cynefin model in both academic and practitioner contexts i always find these exchanges useful, especially where people have taken on and developed the original ideas. Jan 25, 2018 the mxl935xx telluride family of devices is the worlds first dsp socs with integrated electroabsorption modulated laser eaeml drivers for 400gbps optical interconnects. The onet1ep is an integrated modulator driver and limiting amplifier designed to operate from 1 gbps to 11. Macom has a large portfolio of optical modulator drivers for applications covering distances of hundreds of meters up to thousands of kilometers at data rates from 1 gbps up to 100 gbps and beyond.
Irs2092 integrated class d audio driver ic with pwm modulator. The mxl935xx telluride family of devices is the worlds first dsp socs with integrated electroabsorption modulated laser eaeml drivers for 400gbps optical interconnects. Its principle of operation is based on the franzkeldysh effect, i. Silicon photonics platform for 50g optical interconnects cadence. The driver is able to deliver a modulation current of 40ma pp to 120ma pp, with an edge speed of 23ps typical 20% to 80%. Machzehnder modulator at low bit rates, mzm can be realized as a lumped structure and is essentially dominated by capacitance system bandwidth is rclimited as bit rate increases, mzm needs to be distributed bandwidth is defined by cutoff frequency of periodically loaded transmission line. Specially designed driver circuitry is incorporated which allows flexible operation of the h400 series devices in either rf phase modulation mode or in conventional rf pulse onoff am modulation mode. The driver maximum output power is factory preset to the specified level 1 watt. Highspeed optoelectronic components for digital and analog rf systems k. Most electroabsorption modulators are made in the form of a waveguide with electrodes for applying an electric field in a direction perpendicular to the modulated light beam. Apd type photodiode dfb laser with integrated ea modulator.
Since the phemt used in our ea modulator drivers do have an excellent. Each modulator driver includes an rf amplifier with amplitude and eyecrossing controls and accepts an external drive signal source. Eml vs dml for datacenter and client side transceivers. Configuration of ln modulator driver for ln modulator driver to realize both high speed operation and high output votalge of 6 vpp, transistors used in the drivers are required to have both high speed and a high breakdown voltage characteristics. Connect the rf output bnc jack to an acoustooptic modulator or a 50q, rf load, if it is desired to measure the modulator rf output power. Mellanox has developed an electroabsorption ea modulator also called franz. Mar 16, 2001 oki develops dfb laser with integrated ea modulator tokyo, japan oki electric industry co. Maxlinear launches industrys first 400gbps pam4 dsp soc. Benchtop highspeed linbo 3 electrooptic modulator drivers. The ea modulator is driven with a voltage source device which is called vpulse and is located in the electrical library.
As for 40g and 25g trans mitters, electroabsorption modulators integrated with dfb laser eadfb3 are suitable for highoptical transmitter sources. Optical and electrical loopback are included and a twowire serial interface allows digital control of the features. Study of pam modulation for 100ge over a single laser. Digital linearization of modulator transfer function multilevel coding with nonequal level spacing for optimum snr performance digital preemphasis and frequency compensation 4x25g cdr fec encoder level encoder dac linear driver amp dfb ea cmos ic programmable preemphasis 10nm eml pinadc 25g pin receiver 25g cdr 4 lanes fec decoder. The vpulse generates a pulse with 2 ns duration, 0. Each modulator driver includes an rf amplifier with amplitude and eyecrossing controls and. Development of ea modulator driver for 40gbe using inp dhbts fumihito hirabayashi, yukio ohkubo, naoshi sasaki summary the 40gbasefr is one of the ethernet physical layer specifications of 40gbe standards supporting serial optical communications over 2 km singlemode fiber at data rate of 40 gbits. The newly developed bandgap energy controlled selective movpe technology is utilized as the fabrication method. Emerging 100g transceivers for datacenter and client side applications fall into two different categories depending on the distance the information has to be transmitted, also termed reach, with each category using different optical technologies. The driver features programmable output voltage swing as well as monitoring, crossing point control, and programmable output dc offset bias. Maxlinear launches industrys first 400gbps pam4 dsp soc with. Bowers department of electrical and computer engineering, university of california santa barbara, santa barbara, ca 93106 phone.
Ieee journal on selected topics in quantum electronics. A summary of the driver specification is shown in the following table. These transmitter modules are transmitter optical subassembly tosa type devices with flexible printed circuit fpc and lc receptacle. One of the two modules has an inhouse driver ic for electroabsorption ea modulator integrated in a laser chip and the other has no driver ic. A block di agram of the driver is shown in figure 5. Inside the silicon photonics transceiver mellanox community.
Gn1189 fiberedge highperformance linear 56gbd modulator driver. Sep 30, 2015 eml vs dml for datacenter and client side transceivers. Oki develops dfb laser with integrated ea modulator. Adjustment of the rf output power is best done with the series 230 driver connected to the acoustooptic modulator. This includes drivers for high performance machzehnder modulators, externally modulated lasers eml and directly modulated lasers dml. About harris orporation harris corporation is a leading technology innovator, solving customers toughest missioncritical challenges b providing solutions that connect inform and protect. For the 25g ea driver ic, a maximum operation bit rate of 28. The integrated laser driver in the mxl93542 delivers greater than 1. This output swing easily meets the optical modulation amplitude oma specification requirements across the wide operating temperature and bias ranges of all ea eml lasers. In the 100g cfp the authors have developed new ea electroabsorption modulator driver ics for both 25 gbits and 40 gbits transmission. The amplifier operates between dc and 20 ghz and provides 15 db of gain.
Low driving voltage operation of mzitype ea modulator integrated with dfb laser using optical absorption and interferometric extinction. Rp photonics encyclopedia electroabsorption modulators. Modulator drivers for 100gbe applications features maom002204. This output swing easily meets the optical modulation amplitude oma specification requirements across the wide operating. In conjunction with the vcsel, the chip handles the complete digitaltooptical conversion, including cml input, laser driver, drive control, and supervision. The isa25 0 4 combined driver and power amplifier is a specifically designed to operate with the dbm1186 g5 0 series of dual beam acoustooptic high power modulator s. The modulator must exhibit great extinction ratio at 25g. By tamotsu kimura on september 30, 2015 leave a comment. This modulation current reflects a modulation voltage of 1.
Machzehnder modulator drivers 100 davids drive, hauppauge, ny 11788 tel 631 4367400 fax. The driver accepts two independent digital and analogue modulating signals and provides a doublesideband amplitude modulated rf output to the acoustooptic modulator. Electroabsorption modulator integrated light sources for future. High speed silicon modulators huiwen chen, yinghao kuo, john e. For a project, i like to feed a sine wave to laser, this sine wave must have a dc value of 2v and it should oscillate between 2. The laser diode section, normally with the same device structure as dml operates under a continuous wave cw condition, and input voltage onoff signals are applied to the eam section to generate optical output signals. Standard silicon technology and a small number of additional components allow for costeffective and compact assemblies. Onet11ec externally modulated laser driver with integrated. The driver tx the tia rx are the high speed electronics chips connecting the.
As a result, this compact 16pin ic offers high noise immunity, reduced start and stop click noise, and design scalability, while greatly reducing some of the most complicated and costly design tasks such as overload protection. T1 low driving voltage operation of mzitype ea modulator integrated with dfb laser using optical absorption and interferometric extinction. Custom cables will need to be used to connect the hva200 to one of our shear piezos. Highspeed modulator drivers with an operational wavelength range of 1250 nm to 1610 nm, each modulator driver provides control for an external fibercoupled linbo 3 eo modulator. An electroabsorption modulator eam is a semiconductor device which can be used for modulating the intensity of a laser beam via an electric voltage. Development of ea modulator driver for 40gbe using inp dhbts. Advantages of ea modulator nzero biasing voltage nlow driving voltage nlownegative chirp nhigh speed nlesser polarization dependence nintegration with dfb laser nallows a single optical power source to be used for large number of information carrying beams.
For achieving a high extinction ratio, one usually exploits the quantumconfined stark effect in a quantum well structure. Highspeed optoelectronic components for digital and analog. Mellanox has developed an electroabsorption ea modulator also called franz keldysh fk modulators that is 25 times smaller than a traditional machzehnder interferometer mzi style modulator. The hva200 includes an smatobnc cable for connection to our freespace electrooptic modulators, a usb 2. Model use with center frequency output power rfa141 12024 series 40mhz 30. Highpower 25gbs electroabsorption modulator integrated. Oki develops dfb laser with integrated ea modulator tokyo, japan oki electric industry co. Ieee cas seminar road to terabit optical communications. Gbps multirate laser driver with liacdr, 28 gbs linear ea modulator driver ic. Development of electroabsorption modulator driver ics for 25g. Modulator demodulator are available at mouser electronics.254 115 1280 881 1293 1146 1469 906 842 724 758 26 349 1237 1078 763 744 856 1255 297 1570 1143 518 1402 639 1402 192 71 476 761 589 1239 153 1449 452